Activation of bovine oocytes matured in vitro by injection of bovine and human spermatozoa or their cytosolic fractions
The aim of this study was to investigate whether bovine spermatozoa possess so-called sperm factor in the cytosolic fraction (CF) which activates bovine oocytes, and whether bovine oocytes matured in vitro are activated by microinjection of CF extracted from spermatozoa of other species. In the first experiment, bovine and human spermatozoa were microinjected into ooplasm of bovine oocytes matured in vitro. Secondly, CF from bovine and human spermatozoa were injected into bovine oocytes. In the third, CF from human spermatozoa was injected into human unfertilised oocytes obtained 18-20 h after clinical intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). We found that microinjection of bovine spermatozoa into bovine oocytes induced oocyte activation, as shown by resumption of meiosis and formation of a female pronucleus, at a significantly higher rate than the bovine sham injection (63.0% vs 43.0%; p < 0.05). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in activation rate between the human sperm injection (35.9%) and the human sham injection (22.9%). Furthermore, microinjection of bovine sperm CF into bovine oocytes induced oocyte activation at a significantly higher rate than the human CF injection or sham injection (75.9% vs 14.8%, 20.4%; p < 0.01). Formation of a single female pronucleus and second polar body extrusion was observed in 95.1% of activated oocytes after bovine sperm CF injection. When human sperm CF was injected into human unfertilised oocytes, the activation rate was significantly higher than following sham injection (76.9% vs 44.0%; p < 0.05). These results indicate the presence of sperm factor in bovine sperm CF which activate bovine oocytes, and suggest the possibility that sperm factor has species-specificity at least between bovine and human.(Received May 24 2000)
(Accepted September 6 2000)
Key Words: Cattle; Cytosolic fraction; ICSI; Pronuclear formation; Sperm factor (SF).
c1 All correspondence to: O. Okitsu, IVF Center, Miyake Clinic, 369-8, Ofuku, Okayama-shi, Okayama 701-0204 Japan. Tel: +81 86 282 5100. Fax: +81 86 281 3033. e-mail: email@example.com