An educational system reflects the norms and needs of the society it serves. In the Federated Malay States, a plural society, there were four separate school systems, each with its own distinctive characteristics. This paper discusses the British role in their development. The period studied extends from around 1900 to the outbreak of World War Two.
PHILIP LOH FOOK-SENG, a PhD Stanford University graduate, is Associate Professor in Education at the University of Malaya. His MA thesis entitled The Malay States, 1877–1895: Political Change and Social Policy has been published by the Oxford University Press in 1969. He is currently doing research on the social and political attitudes of Sixth Formers in Malaysian schools.