a1 The University of Oslo, Norway. E-mail: email@example.com
To almost everyone the label ‘NATO and Science’ must mean science in the service of weapons and war. And it is true that NATO members do cooperate on a wide range of defence-related aspects of science and technology. But ‘NATO and Science’ also means something very different. Unknown to many, NATO has a third dimension in addition to the military and political ones, and that is the NATO Science Programme. I represented Norway on the NATO Science Committee from 1992 to 2004. Here, I give an account of the programme, how it came about, how it has been implemented, how it changed after the end of the Cold War, and how it is still changing post 9/11. The NATO Science Programme operates in a very specific political context, and I shall try to highlight some aspects of the complex interplay between science and politics in my account.