Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society

Counterexamples concerning powers of sectorial operators on a Hilbert space

a1 Equipe de Mathématiques de Basançon Université de Franche-Comté 25030 Besancon cedex France, e-mail: simard@math.univ-fcomte.fr

We give explicit constructions of semigroups and operators with particular properties. First we build a bounded C0-semigroup which is invertible and which is not similar to a semigroup of contractions. Afterwards we exhibit operators which admit bounded imaginary powers of angle ω > 0 on a Hilbert space but which do not admit a bounded functional calculus on the sector of angle ω. (This gives the limit of McIntosh's fundamental result.) Finally we build, in the 2-dimensional Hilbert space, an operator which is not the negative generator of a semigroup of contractions, although its imaginary powers are bounded by eπ|s|/2.