a1 Department of Physics, University of California, Irvine, California 92717
Ion-cyclotron waves are excited by a cesium ion beam in a cesium Q-machine plasma with drifting plasma electrons. These interactions differ significantly from those in the case of drifting ions in that the drifting electrons play an active role in the instability mechanism. The observed mode frequencies are slightly below those of the electron current driven modes. These waves can be convectively or absolutely unstable, depending on the ion beam velocity. For low beam velocities the instabifities are convective in character with large spatial growth rates ki/kr 0.2. For larger beam velocities the instabilities are absolute in character with temporal growth rates 0.04. The absolute instabilities are similar to two-stream instabilities. Plasma ion heating is observed and is consistent with a model in which mode amplitudes are saturated by diffusion effects.
(Received June 07 1977)
(Revised September 29 1977)
p1 Present address: Rockwell International, Anaheim, California.