FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION IN A MODEL OF GROWTH THROUGH CREATIVE DESTRUCTION
This paper presents an endogenous growth model in which the research activity is financed by intermediaries that are able to reduce the incidence of researcher's moral hazard. It is shown that financial activity is growth promoting because it increases research productivity. It is also found that a subsidy to the financial sector may have larger growth effects than a direct subsidy to research. Moreover, because of the presence of moral hazard, increasing the subsidy rate to R&D may reduce the growth rate. I show that there exists a negative relation between the financing of innovation and the process of capital accumulation. Concerning welfare, the presence of two externalities of opposite sign stemming from financial activity may cause the no-tax equilibrium to provide an inefficient level of financial services. Thus, policies oriented to balance the effects of the two externalities will be welfare improving.
Key Words: Endogenous Growth; Financial Intermediation; Research Activity; Research Policy.
c1 I am deeply indebted to professors Angel de la Fuente and David Perez-Castrillo for their comments. I also wish to thank my advisor, Jordi Caballe, for his patience and helpful directions. This paper has benefited from the comments of participants at the 2000 World Congress of the Econometric Society in Seattle. Address correspondence to: María Fuensanta Morales, Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad de Murcia, Espinardo (30100) Murcia, Spain; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.